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COMMON EYE PROBLEMS

Myopia (nearsightedness) occurs when the curvature of the cornea is too steep and the focus of the rays of light that enter the eye falls short of the retina. The result is a blurry view of distant objects. Myopia can be corrected with refractive surgery.

Hyperopia (farsightedness) occurs when an eye is too short for the cornea's curvature. Light rays entering the eye focus behind the retina and, as a result, a blurred image is produced.

Astigmatism is a condition when your eye becomes oval-shaped (like a football) instead of round, causing distortion when the eye tries to focus. Astigmatism can exist alone or in a combination with nearsightedness or farsightedness. Astigmatism can be corrected with refractive / LASIK.

Presbyopia is a condition in which less of elasticity of the lens of the eye causes defective accommodation and inability to focus sharply for near vision.

Cataract - a clear lens inside the eye helps focus light. This allows images to be seen sharply. As a person ages, the lens slowly grows cloudy and turns yellow. This cloudy lens is a cataract. A cataract scatters or blocks the light that passes into the eye. As a result, images appear blurry.

Glaucoma - Fluid is always flowing thorough the inside of your eye. If you have glaucoma, this fluid doesn't flow normally. As a result, the pressure inside your eye rises and damages your sight. This loss of sight is not noticeable in the beginning but if your pressure remains high, it can cause blindness. Please consult your ophthalmologist to discuss the various treatments.

Macular degeneration is a process of wear and tear in the macula, the part of your eye responsible for sharp, central vision and color. Usually affecting both eyes, vision loss can be either gradual or abrupt, but is never caused by overusing your eyes. Because side vision is unaffected, macular degeneration rarely leads to total blindness. A routine eye exam can diagnose this disease before symptoms are present.

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Diabetic Retinopathy is the name of the blood vessel changes that usually occur without symptoms. Diabetic Retinopathy is the most common cause of blindness in the U.S. in patients under sixty. No matter what type of diabetes you have, you may develop diabetic retinopathy. If you have diabetes, you may have retinopathy now or you may develop it in the future. Factors that may lead to this eye condition include:

  • High glucose (blood sugar) levels
  • High blood pressure
  • How long you've had diabetes
  • Family health history

It is important to know that vision loss from Diabetic Retinopathy can almost always be prevented by early diagnosis and laser treatment.

Dry Eye Syndrome causes your eyes to sting, tear burn, or feel scratchy. To be comfortable, your eyes need to be lubricated, or bathed, with tears. Normally, there is always a "film" of tears on the surface of your eyes. But if your eyes don't produce enough tears, the surface gets irritated. This is known as "dry eyes". Some treatment options are Avenova, Restasis and punctal plugs. Of course, you need to discuss your treatment plan with your ophthalmologist.

Lens Materials

How to use Avenova - Patients Instructions

How to use Avenova -Patients Instructions for Use

Posted by Avenova on Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Flashes & Floaters - at the first sign of flashes or new floaters you should contact your ophthalmologist immediately. There may be an underlying condition.

What are Flashes? Perhaps you have seen flashes of light, stars, or streaks that aren't really there. A few of these flashes are seen by everyone from time to time. Usually you see them in one eye at a time. Flashes are most often caused by the vitreous (the gel filling the inside of your eye) pulling on the retina (a membrane that lines the inside of your eye). Flashes that are recurrent, frequent or new need to be evaluated.

What are Floaters? Floaters look like dark specks, clouds, threads, or spider webs moving through your vision. They are seen once in a while by most people. Floaters may be pieces of gel or other material floating inside your eye and are usually harmless unless they are new and then need to be evaluated.

Low Vision you will need more than glasses or contact lenses to see well enough to get around and do day-to-day tasks. Your central or side vision, or both, may be reduced. Your vision can't be corrected with surgery but you can still see with the help of vision aids and therefore you can stay independent.