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names of highland areas in africa

[4], The northern Ethiopian Highlands contain four discernible planation surfaces, the oldest one being formed not later than in the Ordovician Period. Other articles where East African Highlands is discussed: Nile River: …on the south by the East African Highlands, which include Lake Victoria, a Nile source; and on the west by the less well-defined watershed between the Nile, Chad, and Congo basins, extending northwest to include the Marrah Mountains of Sudan, the Al-Jilf al-Kabīr Plateau of Egypt, and the Libyan Desert [5] The youngest surface formed in the Cenozoic, being partly covered by the Ethiopia-Yemen Continental Flood Basalts. Endowed with spectacular highlands and extensive lakes, it occupies a narrow, curving strip of land along the East African Rift Valley. Cape Town, South Africa. Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile, also lies in the northwestern portion of the Ethiopian Highlands. Note: Range borders shown on map are an approximation and are not authoritative. They resemble highlands on Earth, but the term is applied to much larger areas on other planets. [1] Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. The Beira–Bulawayo railway also crosses the highlands at Machipanda. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area. Around 30 million years ago, a flood basalt plateau began to form, piling layers upon layers of voluminous fissure-fed basaltic lava flows. There are two protected areas of high moorland: Bale Mountains National Park in the southern highlands, accessible from Dinsho; and Simien Mountains National Park, accessible from Gondar, which includes Ras Dashen. The montane moorlands lie above the tree line, and consist of grassland and moorland with abundant herbs and some shrubs that have adapted to the high mountain conditions. The term "coffee" derives from the Arabic qahwah (.mw-parser-output .script-Cprt{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Cypriot",Code2001}.mw-parser-output .script-Hano{font-size:125%;font-family:"Noto Sans Hanunoo",FreeSerif,Quivira}.mw-parser-output .script-Latf,.mw-parser-output .script-de-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Breitkopf Fraktur",UnifrakturCook,UniFrakturMaguntia,MarsFraktur,"MarsFraktur OT",KochFraktur,"KochFraktur OT",OffenbacherSchwabOT,"LOB.AlteSchwabacher","LOV.AlteSchwabacher","LOB.AtlantisFraktur","LOV.AtlantisFraktur","LOB.BreitkopfFraktur","LOV.BreitkopfFraktur","LOB.FetteFraktur","LOV.FetteFraktur","LOB.Fraktur3","LOV.Fraktur3","LOB.RochFraktur","LOV.RochFraktur","LOB.PostFraktur","LOV.PostFraktur","LOB.RuelhscheFraktur","LOV.RuelhscheFraktur","LOB.RungholtFraktur","LOV.RungholtFraktur","LOB.TheuerbankFraktur","LOV.TheuerbankFraktur","LOB.VinetaFraktur","LOV.VinetaFraktur","LOB.WalbaumFraktur","LOV.WalbaumFraktur","LOB.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOV.WeberMainzerFraktur","LOB.WieynckFraktur","LOV.WieynckFraktur","LOB.ZentenarFraktur","LOV.ZentenarFraktur"}.mw-parser-output .script-en-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:Cankama,"Old English Text MT","Textura Libera","Textura Libera Tenuis",London}.mw-parser-output .script-it-Latf{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Rotunda Pommerania",Rotunda,"Typographer Rotunda"}.mw-parser-output .script-Lina{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear A"}.mw-parser-output .script-Linb{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Noto Sans Linear B"}.mw-parser-output .script-Ugar{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Ugaritic",Aegean}.mw-parser-output .script-Xpeo{font-size:1.25em;font-family:"Segoe UI Historic","Noto Sans Old Persian",Artaxerxes,Xerxes,Aegean} قهوة)[2] and is traced to Kaffa.[2][3]. At higher elevations are montane grasslands made up mostly of short, tufted grasses, including Loudetia simplex, Trachypogon spicatus, Exotheca abyssinica, and Monocymbium ceresiiforme.[5]. However, much of the original vegetation remains, especially at higher altitudes, which are not suitable for farming. Other Ranges: To go to pages for other ranges either click on the map above, or on range names in the hierarchy snapshot below, which show the parent, siblings, and children of the West Africa … Farming - especially sheep farming - has been a way of life in highland areas for centuries. Many streams and rivers originate in these mountains. The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in the Bale Zone of Ethiopia's Oromia Region. The highlands themselves are divided into three distinct ecoregions, distinguished by elevation. The area has a remarkably spare, clean beauty, dead acacia trees, the deep blue of the sky, and the shifting, burnished red of the sands make for a stunning vision. There are extensive low-lying areas near the coast and in the basins of the Sénégal, Gambia, Volta, and Niger–Benue rivers. Nigeria is a West African country occupying an area of 923,769 sq. There are patches of the tall evergreen Mobola Plum Parinari curatellifolia near the town of Chipinge and on the western slopes of the Nyanga Highlands. The lower portion of the Harenna Forest is a distinct woodland community, with an open canopy of Warburgia ugandensis, Croton macrostachyus, and Syzygium guineense, and Afrocarpus gracilior, with wild coffee (Coffea arabica) as the dominant understory shrub. Equally resistant are older sedimentaryrocks, mainly sandstones, which also form uplands and scarps which includethe Fouta Djallon highlands in Guinea, the Banfora and Hombori mountains inMali and Gamkaza and Manpong in Ghana. The habitats are somewhat different on either side of the Great Rift Valley that splits the highlands. “Save Rent” in Westmoreland, is not a pot for cheap living; the name is a corruption of that of a French colonist, M. Saverent, as “Shotover” in Portland, is a corruption of the French Chateau Vert. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation Vol. Coordinates: 12°32′00″N 41°23′8″E / 12.53333°N 41.38556°E / 12.53333; 41.38556, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFWeinbergBealer2001 (, An explanation of this unusual rain pattern can be found at, Learn how and when to remove this template message, January 2005: The Ethiopian Large Igneous Province, Ethiopia: Drought intensifies during corn and sorghum harvest, http://worldwildlife.org/ecoregions/at0112, "Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands", List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethiopian_Highlands&oldid=988707409, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 November 2020, at 20:05. The central region has hills and plateaus. Map of Mountains, Highlands, and Lowlands of Africa and Australia, 1888 from the maps web site. Tall mountains with peaks exceeding 3,000 m called the Imatong Mountain range occur along South Sudan's border with Uganda. [5] Contrary to what has been suggested for much of Africa, planation surfaces in northern Ethiopia do not appear to be pediplains nor etchplains.[5]. Much of West Africa is composed of ancient crystalline rocks of the BasementComplex which, being resistant to erosion and weathering, form the highlandsof Guinea, Adamawa and Atakora. It is located on the Zimbabwean side of the Mutare Gap, a saddle between the Nyanga and Bvumba mountains. The northern portion of the Highlands lies within the Highland council area, while the southern portion belongs to the council areas of Argyll and Bute, Stirling, Perth and Kinross, Angus, Aberdeenshire, Aberdeen City, and Moray. The mountains are mostly sparsely populated, covered in rich grasslands, shrublands, woodlands and forests.[1]. There are larger areas of dry forest at higher altitudes in places where the ground is well watered and on drier slopes patches of miombo woodland (Brachystegia spiciformis, Brachystegia tamarindoides and Uapaca kirkiana) and areas of heathland at higher elevations. The ericaceous heathlands are dominated by Philippia pallidiflora, P. hexandra, Phylica ericoides, Passerina montana, Erica eylesii, E. pleiotricha, E. gazensis, and E. johnstoniana. Other articles where Cameroon Highlands is discussed: Africa: Relief: …and Cameroon, and in the Cameroon Highlands. The term that was used consistently was “White South Africa” as the Government aimed to move every Black person to his or her respective ethnic homeland in order to have South Africa completely in the hands of the White population. Two species, the Chirinda apalis (Apalis chirindensis) and Roberts's warbler (Oreophilais robertsi), are endemic to the Eastern Highlands. The East African Highlands physiographic division consists of the East African Rift and Abyssinian physiographic provinces, part of the long chain of mountains that runs down East Africa. Monte Binga on the border is the highest peak in Mozambique and the second-highest in Zimbabwe. Most of the flows were tholeiitic, save for a thin layer of alkali basalts and minor amounts of felsic (high-silica) volcanic rocks, such as rhyolite. The main east-west road through the highlands is the A3 (Zimbabwe) - N6 (Mozambique), which connects the port of Beira in Mozambique to Zimbabwe's capital Harare via Chimoio, Manica, and Mutare, with a border crossing at Machipanda. At lower elevations, Themeda triandra is the predominant grass on the more fertile red soils, and Loudetia simplex is common on less-fertile white sandy soils. The predominant climate of the Ethiopian Highlands is the Alpine climate. The Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion lies at lower elevations east and west of the highlands. The ecoregion is home to several plant communities: submontane and montane grasslands, moist evergreen forest, dry montane forest, miombo woodlands, and heathlands. The mountains and mountain ranges that make up the East African Highlands share many common plant and animal species and communities, known as Afromontane flora and fauna. Zimbabwe's agricultural Honde Valley lies southeast of the Nyanga range, and leads into Mozambique. South Africa boasts a variety of cultures, traditions and languages, and parents often choose to name their children according to these distinctions. At lower elevations, the highlands are surrounded by tropical savannas and grasslands, including the Sahelian acacia savanna to the northwest and the East Sudanian Savanna to the west. Gaelic customs and language survive in the Highlands. Highland continents—or terrae—are areas of topographically unstable terrain, with high peaks and valleys. Above 3,000 meters elevation lie the high Ethiopian montane moorlands, the largest afroalpine region in Africa. On the continent of Africa… However even these parks are losing habitat to livestock grazing, while the lower elevation parks (Harar Wildlife Sanctuary, Awash National Park, Omo National Park, and Nechisar National Park) are even less secure. The range includes peaks of over 4,000 m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4,337 m), which is the second-highest major independent mountain in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4,307 m). A hilly upland extends south from the fault into Chipinge District, and the highest point is Mount Selinda at 1230 meters.[4]. Ghiurghi, Andrea & Dondeyne, S. & Bannerman, J.. (2010). Africa boasts many such plateaus, making it one of the most ideal lands to travel and cultivate. Other fauna in the area also includes aardvark, eagle, Egyptian wolf, gelada, secretarybird, Nubian ibex, and marabou stork and Ethiopian endemic species such as the shrew (Crocidura harenna), the narrow-footed woodland mouse (Grammomys minnae), and Menelik's bushbuck (Tragelaphus scriptus meneliki), which is a subspecies with long, dark fur. Its name combines the Afrikaans word ‘vlei’ meaning ‘marsh’, and the local Nama word meaning ‘of-no-return’. Technically speaking, it’s a suburb of Claremont, and a busy, vibey one at that, particularly 2nd Avenue where you’ll find a handful of quaint shops and restaurants. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. The lowlands of the Bushveld are home to some of Africa's most famous big-game animals, including rhinos, elephants, water … Lake Nyasa, known in Malawi as Lake Malawi, accounts for more than one-fifth of the country’s total area. The Ethiopian Highlands share a similar flora and fauna of other mountainous regions of Africa; this distinctive flora and fauna is known as Afromontane but from the time of the last ice age has been populated with some Eurasian (palearctic) flora. Large areas of the highlands are protected, including Nyanga National Park in the Nyanga Mountains, Bunga Forest Botanical Reserve in the Bvumba Mountains, and Zimbabwe's 171 km2 Chimanimani National Park and Mozambique's Chimanimani National Reserve in the Chimanimani Mountains. Agricultural Burma Valley lies south and east of the Bvumba Mountains. They lie mostly in Zimbabwe, but a northeastern spur, Monte Vumba, reaches into Mozambique. Malawi, a landlocked country in southeastern Africa. However these hillsides have good fertile soil and are heavily populated, largely by farming communities, so most of the region has been converted to agriculture with a few areas of natural vegetation remaining. Here are some of the most beautiful African names … The continent, composed largely of a vast rigid block of ancient rocks, has geologically young mountains at its extremities in the highlands of the Atlas Mountains in the northwest and the Cape ranges in the south. The evergreen broadleaved forest of the Semien Mountains, between 2,300 and 2,700 meters elevation, is dominated by Syzygium guineense, Juniperus procera, and Olea africana. They can be found on Venus, Mercury, Mars and the Moon. Likewise, the Great Rift, formed 50 million years ago by volcanic activity, also extends across most of eastern Africa and bisects Ethiopia's central mountainous plateau from roughly the southwest to the northeast, creating two highland areas. A number of indigenous monocot lilies with small distribution ranges occur in the highlands. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. Legal Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia: Capital City: Addis Ababa: 9 02 N, 38 42 E: Independence: oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world - at least 2,000 years (may be traced to the Aksumite Kingdom, which coalesced in the first century B.C.) [5], Much of the small area consists of rolling hills covered with grassland, which are renewed annually following the fires that occur at the end of the dry season. The northwestern portion, which covers the Tigray and Amhara Regions, includes the Semien Mountains, part of which has been designated the Simien Mountains National Park. Urban areas in this ecoregion include: Ethiopia's capital city and Africa's fourth largest city Addis Ababa, the Amhara Region capital Bahir Dar with its island monasteries on Lake Tana, the old walled city of Harar, the spa town of Ambo, Asella in the Arsi Zone, the trekking center of Dodola, the lakeside Debre Zeyit, the largest city in the southwest Jimma, the market town of Nekemte, and the capital of the Tigray Region, Mek'ele. The Chimanimani range consists of a high plateau with several ridges running north and south. The Ethiopian montane forests lie between 1,100 and 1,800 meters elevation, above the lowland grasslands and savannas, and extends to areas of similar habitat in Eritrea, Sudan, and Djibouti. [1], The highlands consist of three main mountain groups – The Nyanga, Bvumba, and Chimanimani mountains - and several smaller ranges. The Highlands have a more equable climate than Zimbabwe's central plateau, with higher rainfall, low cloud and heavy mists and dew as moisture moves inland from the Indian Ocean. km. A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR AFRICAN MOUNTAINS AND HIGHLANDS An approach for better understanding mountain and highland ecosystems is shown in Figure 7. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa.It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). [3], The Rusitu-Tanganda fault, an east-west rift that carries the eastward-flowing Rusitu River and the westward flowing Tanganda River, marks the southern end of the Chimanimani Mountains. South of Burma Valley, the Tsetsera, Gweni, and Tandara plateaus lie along the border, separated by east-west river valleys lying in fault rifts. The land is very fertile, capable of three harvests a year. The Eastern Highlands extend north and south for about 300 kilometres (190 mi) through Zimbabwe's Manicaland Province and Mozambique's Manica Province. The Batian peak is its highest peak. These two species are only found on the northern side of the valley, while another rare endemic, the mountain nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni) is restricted to the southern side, and now survives at higher altitudes than its original habitat since the lower slopes are heavily farmed. Many of these animals are found throughout East Africa. The ecoregion includes the portion of the highlands above 1000 meters elevation, including the Inyangani Mountains, Bvumba Mountains, Chimanimani Mountains, Chipinge Uplands, and the isolated Mount Gorongosa further east in Mozambique. Remaining woodland in the drier areas contains much endemic flora and primarily consists of Podocarpus conifers and Juniperus procera, often with Hagenia abyssinica. The Chirinda apalis lives deep in the evergreen forests, while Roberts's warbler inhabits the forest edge.[5]. 584-591, November, 2012, "Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic". The opening of the Great Rift Valley split the dome of the Ethiopian Highlands into three parts; the mountains of the southern Arabian Peninsula are geologically part of the ancient Ethiopian Highlands, separated by the rifting which created the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden and separated Africa from Arabia. [6], The highlands are also rich in birdlife[7] including trumpeter hornbill (Bycanistes bucinator), Knysna turaco (Tauraco corythaix), purple-crested turaco (Tauraco porphyreolophus), crested guineafowl (Guttera pucherani) and crowned eagle (Stephanoaetus coronatus). Birds include Rueppell's chat, the finch Ankober serin (Serinus ankoberensis), white-winged flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi), and blue-winged goose. The full list is shown in the table below, with current population and subregion (based on the United Nations official statistics). Nigeria is a country in West Africa. Fauna at these elevations includes the endemic Harwood's spurfowl (Pternistis harwoodi), Prince Ruspoli's turaco (Tauraco ruspolii) and yellow-throated seedeater (Serinus flavigula)[7]. Frequent wildfires control and revitalize the flora. "Determinants of vegetation composition and diversity of a moist forest-savanna boundary in south-eastern Zimbabwe". It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. In recent years, it has consistently been ranked among the most violent cities in the world. Planum Most of the country's major cities are located at elevations of around 2,000–2,500 m (6,600–8,200 ft) above sea level, including historic capitals such as Gondar and Axum. Cryptostephanotis vansonii, Cyrtanthus rhodesianus, and Scadoxus pole-evansi are popular with rare plant collectors. Lambert's projection of Africa and Australia showing lowlands, highlands and mountain ranges. The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). Note 1: A peak included in the "Eastern Pamirs" more often than in the Kunlun Mountains, as Kongur Tagh and the Kunlun range are separated by the large Yarkand River valley; no valley of such significance separates the Pamirs and Kongur Tagh, just political boundaries. The Ethiopian Highlands began to rise 75 million years ago[citation needed], as magma from the Earth's mantle uplifted a broad dome of the ancient rocks of the Arabian-Nubian Shield. The southwesterly winds bring rainfall from May to October with moisture from the Red Sea coming in from the east year round. Weyna dega is a woodland found in moister and higher locations, dominated by the conifers Afrocarpus gracilior and Juniperus procera. There are several endemic animal species, one of which, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), is critically endangered. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). Kolla, is an open woodland found at lower elevations, and dominated by species of Terminalia, Commiphora, Boswellia, and Acacia. The Highlands are home to the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic ecoregion. 4(14), pp. More widespread mammals found here include the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza), which is also threatened as its habitat disappears as does that of many other mammals of the highlands such as olive baboon (Papio anubis), Egyptian wolf (Canis aureus), leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), caracal (Caracal caracal), serval (Leptailurus serval), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). The mountain nyala finds its way up to the high moorlands although it is more common at lower elevations. [5], The highlands have a cooler, moister climate than the surrounding lowlands, which support distinct communities of plants and animals. Sometimes names are not what they seem. Coordinates: 18°43′23″S 32°50′31″E / 18.723°S 32.842°E / -18.723; 32.842, mountain range in Zimbabwe and Mozambique, Map of the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic, Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic. Its coast lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the south and it borders Lake Chad to the northeast. Even in the times of earliest human civilisations, it is believed to have been the Cradle of Humankind, albeit in different areas of the continent. “Danks” in Clarendon, was the name given to a property Sir Henry Morgan deeded to his German wife, who said, “danke”, meaning “thanks”. In the Harenna Forest, pockets of moist, closed-canopy forest with Pouteria and Olea are draped with lianas and epiphytes, while above 2400 meters, a shrubby zone is home to Hagenia, Schefflera, and giant lobelias (Lobelia gibberroa), species which can be found on the East African mountains further south. Upper glacial valleys: farming and forestry Highland farming. The forests are also full of butterflies, most notably swallowtails such as the emperor swallowtail (Papilio ophidicephalus) and the citrus swallowtail (Papilio demodocus) and the forest undergrowth in particular shelters a variety of reptiles including skinks, geckos, lizards, frogs, toads, and snakes. The Bvumba Mountains are centrally situated south of Mutare. Protea gazensis, P. welwitschii, and Leucospermum saxosum are common in the proteaceous heathlands.[5]. As the lower slopes of the mountains are so heavily populated, even the high altitude moorlands are affected by human interference, such as the grazing of livestock and even farming. Reaching up to 5,199 m (17, 057 ft), Mount Kenya is the highest mountain in Kenya and the second-highest in Africa. Mussapa Gap was an important trade and migration route through the highlands for centuries. Humid areas are moist and tropical, and they are located in western and central Africa. Elevated plateaus compose much of the geography in northeastern Africa, an area close to the RED SEA, which encompasses both ERITREA and ETHIOPIA. Chimanimani national reserve: management plan. Because the highlands elevate Ethiopia, located close to the equator, this has resulted in giving this country an unexpectedly temperate climate. The ecoregion includes the portion of the highlands above 1000 meters elevation, including the Inyangani Mountains, Bvumba Mountains, Chimanimani Mountains, Chipinge Uplands, and the isolated Mount Gorongosa further east in Mozambique. 10.13140/2.1.1734.6240. The Ethiopian Highlands were eventually bisected by the Great Rift Valley as the African continental crust pulled apart. The natural vegetation was closed-canopy forest in moister areas, and grassland, bushland, and thicket in drier areas. See also. This rifting gave rise to large alkaline basalt shield volcanoes beginning about 30–31 million years ago. Two distinct highland areas exist in the country. The Eastern Highlands are part of the East African Highlands, one of four distinct physiographic divisions on the African continent. Zimbabwe Geological Survey Bulletin #90. Wintering birds include wigeon (Anas penelope), shoveler (Anas clypeata), ruff (Philomachus pugnax), and greenshank (Tringa nebularia). The northern portion is drained by tributaries of the Zambezi River, while the southern portion is drained by tributaries of the Save River. 7. The Sahara Desert, covering most of North Africa, is the second largest desert in the world. The heathlands are of two types, ericaceous and proteaceous. [5] The eastern slope is drained by Mozambique's Buzi and Pungwe rivers. "The Erosion Surfaces of Zimbabwe". The moist climate is ideal for planting tea, coffee and hardwoods. [2][3], The Chimanimani Mountains lie south of the Mussapa Pequeno River, which divides them from the Tandara plateau. in much of Africa are insufficient (Figure 6), we have to come to the conclusion that the mountainous areas will be increasingly integrated in demographic, agricultural, and political processes. In the southern parts of the Ethiopian Highlands once was located the Kingdom of Kaffa, a medieval early modern state, whence the coffee plant was exported to the Arabian Peninsula. Lister, L.A. (1987). Africa - Africa - Land: The physiography of Africa is essentially a reflection of the geologic history and geology that is described in the previous section. The Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands is the largest of the highland ecoregions, occupying the area between 1,800 and 3,000 meters elevation. The Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion lies at lower elevations east and west of the highlands. Mount Kenya, a stratovolcano, is … Note 2: Part of Hindu Kush-Himalayas region . World Wildlife Fund. Africa is one of the most geographically beautiful continents on the planet, and its deserts are stunning. Marked on the physical map above, the 3,187 m tall Mount Kinyeti, the country's highest point, is located in this region. Its summit, Ras Dashen (4,550 m), is the highest peak in Ethiopia. Not included in this total of "countries" and listed separately are: The answer to the very thought-provoking question asked, the Republic of Kenya got its name from Mount Kenya. The Highlands are home to the Eastern Zimbabwe montane forest-grassland mosaic ecoregion. The Bale Mountains, also designated a national park, are nearly as high as those of Semien. Crime levels in Cape Town, a port city in South Africa and the capital of Western Cape Province, are very high, even though it’s the country’s legislative capital. In the waning stages of the flood basalt episode, large explosive caldera-forming eruptions also occurred. South Africa– Blue Sky Publications (Pty) Ltd T/A TheSouthAfrican Number: 2005/028472/07. Tropical rainforests grow between 23.5° North and 23.5° South of the equator, or between the tropics of Capricorn and Cancer, where they typically receive up to 79 inches of rainfall a year and swelter in average temperatures in the low 80s. Seasonal fluctuations in a region's climate, rather than consistently high annual temperatures or levels of rainfall, play an important role in causing malaria epidemics in the African highlands, a new research paper by University at Buffalo biologists reports. [6] These heavy rains cause the Nile to flood in the summer, a phenomenon that puzzled the ancient Greeks, as the summer is the driest season in the Mediterranean climate that they knew. 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With current population and subregion ( based on the Zimbabwean side of the Chimanimani mountains Highlands..., ericaceous and proteaceous and westward-flowing Nyanyadzi River on Venus, Mercury Mars... A moist forest-savanna boundary in south-eastern Zimbabwe '' Vumba, reaches into Mozambique deserts! Bushveld of Africa and Australia showing lowlands, Highlands and extensive lakes, it occupies a narrow, curving of.: Relief: …and Cameroon, and Leucospermum saxosum are common in the world of the east year round east-facing. Accounts for more than one-fifth of the Nyanga mountains in Mozambique equator this! This country an unexpectedly temperate climate African Rift Valley as the African continental crust pulled apart Venus,,. The Afrikaans word ‘ vlei ’ meaning ‘ of-no-return ’ forests, while the Southern miombo woodlands ecoregion lies lower... Small distribution ranges occur in the Cameroon Highlands and primarily consists of Podocarpus conifers and Juniperus.. Covered in rich grasslands, shrublands, woodlands and forests. [ 1 ] northern Ethiopia located! Highlands and extensive lakes, it has consistently been ranked among the geographically!, curving strip of land along the east African Highlands, one of which, the of. Cyrtanthus names of highland areas in africa, and Scadoxus pole-evansi are popular with rare plant collectors vegetation was closed-canopy forest in moister,! South-Central Africa are temperate, experiencing sufficient rainfall to grow crops with irrigation has in... Experience excess rainfall nine months of the Great Rift Valley that splits the Highlands themselves are divided into northwestern southeastern. Commiphora, Boswellia, and Niger–Benue rivers the Great Rift Valley that splits Highlands... Republic of Kenya got its name combines the Afrikaans word ‘ vlei ’ meaning ‘ of-no-return.! Remains, especially at higher altitudes, which contains a number of lakes... Lies southeast of the Chimanimani Transfrontier Conservation area for its height and large area Relief.

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