spiny hackberry edible
Spiny Hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana, formerly Celtis pallida) is a native, desert shrub common here in Tucson. Bark: Mottled light gray to reddish brown; smooth; paired spines. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. Spiny hackberry is a evergreen shrub (or small tree) with whitish gray zigzag shape branches that produces shiny orange pea sized fruit throughout the year, regardless of the season. The stems are woody and covered in large, woody spines up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) long. Other edible fruits would have included agarita, spiny hackberry, yucca, tasajillo, and persimmon. These are berries from a Desert Hackberry bush (Celtis pallida), one of many that I come across on my walks. Order: Urticales It reseeds as aggressively as regular hackberry. A mealy pleasant acid taste. Edible Plants Listed here are some of the southeastern Arizona edible plants, the native and introduced plants with edible parts such as their flowers, fruit, leaves, or roots. They grow throughout the warmer areas of the Northern Hemisphereâincluding throughout the United States, southern Europe, and Mexico, and in parts of Canada and Asia. These berries ripen in the fall but will often remain on the trees and edible well into spring. You may skip to content, Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and Plants. Edible – The ripe orange fruits are blandly sweet and edible, but they are small and seedy. While Spiny Hackberry flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, their bright orange, pea-sized berries certainly are not. Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Three species of hackberry grow in the South Texas Plains. Ripe Spiny Hackberry berries contrast nicely with the shrub's green leaves and look quite enticing to eat. ), also â¦ Ripe Spiny Hackberry berries contrast nicely with the shrub's green leaves and look quite enticing to eat. Locally native below 5,500 ft. Wolfberries are great, large spiny shrubs with edible fruits that provide cover and food for birds; small purple flowers visited by hummingbirds; fruits edible Synonyms: Celtis pallida, C. spinosa, Momisia pallida, Common Names: Spiny Hackberry, Desert Hackberry, Duration: Perennial, Evergreen (may lose leaves after hard frosts). In fact, the fruits, along with the densely entangling spiny branches, cause Desert Hackberry to be extremely valuable as wildlife food and cover. I've also seen coyotes eating the leaves, which makes me think that they are not poisonous, as coyotes by necessity have much better desert survival skills than dogs. The best way to identify a hackberry tree is by its warty, gray to brown bark. It is native to Arizona, Florida, New Mexico and Texas, and to Latin America as far south as central Argentina.It grows in dry locations such as deserts, brushlands, canyons, mesas and grasslands. Each produces an edible fruit and strong, flexible wood utilized by the native populations. Foliage: Almost evergreen. The plant is native to desert areas of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and Nevada. Fruit: Edible orange berries. Hackberry is a lumber species that does not stand on its own too often. Flowers: White, small and inconspicuous. Nest site. Hackberry trees have egg-shaped leaves that taper to a point that are 2.3 to 4 inches long and 1.5 to 2 inches wide. The second NICE plant, Spiny hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana), is the recommended Plant of the Month for February. The common hackberry tree is known by several names including sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, American hackberry, and northern hackberry.The hackberry tree is very adaptable and that is one of the reasons you will find it lining so many streets across the country. The inner kernel was considered a delicacy and the outer shell was ground up and used as a spice, usually on meat. Kill spiny hackberry with Remedy. Ulmaceae (Elm Family) Three species of hackberry grow in the South Texas Plains. Granjeno (Spiny Hackberry) Celtis llida Elm . Walnuts, pecans, acorns, grass seeds, and a variety of other seeds, beans, and nuts were also seasonally available. Box 167, Queen Creek, AZ 85242, Phone 480-987-9094 e-mail: email@example.com Celtis pallida is an attractive evergreen with a dense growth habit making a These true berries are edible but sour. It is an outstanding wildlife plant. Leaves eaten by browsers. Genus: Celtis L. – hackberry The N. American Indians ground the fruit and ate it with parched corn or fat. This shrub provides excellent food and cover for wildlife. The wood of the hackberry tree is weak and brittle. Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants edible part: fruit (fresh, cooked or dried) harvest season: summer Celtis reticulata (C. laevigata var. A mealy pleasant acid taste. Butterfly Plant â Emperor butterfly caterpillars (Subfamily Apaturinae) like those of the Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) feed on the leaves, while the adult male Emperor butterflies are often found waiting on the plants for passing females. Fringed Redmaids Edible parts: black seeds (make an oil), and young greens. Edible fruits. Edible plants are quite common here in the Sonoran Desert, and many of them have traditionally been gathered and â¦ Luckily, their enticing berries are edible and pleasantly sweet-tasting, but they are not strongly flavored. I each the whole thing raw, seed and nut combined. Celtis ehrenbergiana, called the desert hackberry or spiny hackberry, is a plant species that has long been called C. pallida by many authors, including in the "Flora of North America" database. Allergenic – The flowers produce allergenic pollen. These plants are available in native plant nurseries. cturtletrax/Getty Images. ), also known as â¦ Uses: Used in inexpensive furniture where a light â¦ Subclass: Hamamelididae Dogs also will eat the leaves. Develops cavities, used by wildlife. Hackberry is the common name used for trees in the Celtis genus. If you've encountered some round, spiny balls under a tree or maybe still on the plant, and you're wondering what it could be, it's likely one of several options: buckeye/horsechestnut (Aesculus), chestnut (Castanea), or sweet gum (Liquidambar styraciflua).All are common landscape trees and produce spiny pods around their seeds. GRANJENO Spiny Hackberry Celtis llida - Ulmaceae, Elm Family DESCRIPTION: Small tree to large shrub with zigzag branches and paired spines on trunk and twigs. Zigzag thorny branches form arched passageways through brush. Leaf buds relished by parrots, chachalaca. Unlike the Poor Manâs Rope every part of this shrub is edible. But to ask most to consider another hackberry takes a bit of convincing to overcome that old prejudice. The fruits persist throughout the winter if they aren't harvested, offering a long-term source of food for creatures during tough seasons.  The fruit is enjoyed raw, flavors and sweetness will vary from plant to plant and in different drought or wet conditions. Spiny Hackberry, Desert Hackberry, Granjeno, Granjeno Huasteco, Chaparral, Capul, Garabata EDIBLE USES: Fruit - raw. Ulmaceae. The plant sounds like spiny hackberry. The most widespread of these three species is the small desert hackberry (Celtis pallida Torr. They can also be found in northern and central South America and in southern to central Africa. The most common hackberry species in North America is the Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), which is native to much of the continental United States. The entire berry is high in calcium, can be up to 20% protein, and has a good amount of phosphorus as well. Species: Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm. Spiny Hackberry, Desert Hackberry, Granjeno, Granjeno Huasteco, Chaparral, Capul, Garabata : Etymology : The species name pallida can be attributed to the paleness of the branches. Luckily, their enticing berries are edible and â¦ The N. American Indians ground the fruit and ate it â¦ The berries are edible, but because they are so high, the birds have their feast before they can be harvested. Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons Start studying Desert Edible Plants (Name). Spiny Hackberry - Celtis pallida or Celtis ehrenbergiana. During our walks, my dogs will often lunge forward to the end of their leashes to snatch mouthfuls of leaves when we pass a Spiny Hackberry bush. The most widespread of these three species is the small desert hackberry (Celtis pallida Torr. Other common names for this plant include Desert Hackberry, Granjeno, Shiny Hackberry. The Red Barberry (Mahonia haematocarpa) is a desert evergreen with waxy, blue-green leaves that resemble that of the holly plant. The leaves are green, rough-textured, alternate, oval-shaped, and variable in size. Description: The inconspicuous flowers are followed by bright orange berries. Height: 10-20 feet. Spiny Hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana, formerly Celtis pallida), This is a sidebar. A. Butterfly Plant – Emperor butterfly caterpillars (Subfamily Apaturinae) like those of the Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) feed on the leaves, while the adult male Emperor butterflies are often found waiting on the plants for passing females. Desert hackberry is an extremely drought tolerant, spiny, sprawling shrub native to South Texas and the Chihuahuan desert. Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants – spiny hackberry, Arizona County Distribution Map Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Spiny Hackberry Berries – The Firefly Forest, Southeastern Arizona Wildflowers and Plants, Spiny Hackberry Berries – The Firefly Forest. Other native hackberry species include: Spiny hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana) Spiny Hackberry (Celtis ehrenbergiana, formerly Celtis pallida) is a native, desert shrub common here in Tucson. While Spiny Hackberry flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, their bright orange, pea-sized berries certainly are not. Its stout thorns, dense branches, and sweet, edible, small orange berries in the fall make it extremely valuable for wildlife food and cover. The stone can be eaten raw and they also store well in oil. Edible â The ripe orange fruits are blandly sweet and edible, but they are small and seedy. It can be eaten raw, mashed then baked into a calorie-laden snackbar, or boiled in some water to make a syrup. reticulata) â Netleaf Hackberry, Canyon Hackberry Cannabaceae â Hemp family (Ulmaceae â Elm family) 20-35â tall and wide; winter deciduous; full sun, partial shade, filtered sun If you don't have a way to crush the seeds then just eat the skin/flesh off then spit out the seed. Desert Hackberry Arid Zone Trees, P. O. By fall, the ovary will have developed into a sweet, edible, yellow-orange fruit, a drupe, relished by birds. Family: Ulmaceae – Elm family There are numerous Spiny Hackberry bushes growing in Sabino Canyon, which is where I photographed this one, and these plants are absolutely covered in ripe berries in late August through September. Fendler's Ceanothus Edible parts: fruit; Spiny Hackberry Edible parts: orange fruits; Netleaf Hackberry Edible parts: berries; Crossflower Edible parts: leaves; Miner's Lettuce: Edible parts: young leaves, flowers, flower stalks. Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants A highly adaptable tree, the Common Hackberry grows in most types of soil and tolerates both sun and shade. The berries are safe to eat, but I don't know how edible Spiny Hackberry leaves are, or what they taste like, but many dogs are partial to them. Birds enjoy the fruit and Coyotes (Canis latrans) will eat the leaves. Edible : Fruit - raw. Butterflies also drink the sap. Hackberry trees usually grow to a height of 30 to 40 feet and to a trunk diameter of 1 to 2 feet, though these trees can be much larger. The berries are edible and the foliage has high levels of protein so despite the thorns it is eaten by deer and even cows. This plant has no children Legal Status. Each produces an edible fruit and strong, flexible wood utilized by the native populations. Celtis ehrenbergiana (Klotzsch) Liebm. The ripe fruit is quite sweet, orange in color, and its single seed is much softer than the hard stone found in Sugar Hackberry fruit. It does not make good firewood, carving material or lumber. Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Butterfly host plant: Emperors, Question Mark, Snout. Common names are from state and federal lists. Hackberries provide a food source for a wide variety of birds and wildlife, including game birds and opossum. All of my dogs delight in eating them even though the branches have woody spines. Hermit Thrush, Northern Cardinal, towhees, Phainopepla, Townsend's Solitaire, Cedar Waxwing, thrashers, White-crowned Sparrow and House Finch are among the birds likely to be seen at Desert Hackberry when in fruit. The fruit is a yellow or orange - occasionally red - drupe, which is a fleshy fruit such as a peach or plum that usually contains a hard stone enclosing a seed. I'm always amazed at how many edible, wild-growing plants there are here in the Sonoran Desert, and Spiny Hackberry berries are just one of many. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It yields clusters of bright yellow flowers and juicy, bright-red berries that are ½ inch wide. The edible berries are sweet to man and birds. Spiny hackberry flowers are greenish white. However, it did make acceptable archery bows. â spiny hackberry Subordinate Taxa.